Geography of Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki is located in the western part of the region of Thessaloniki, in the cove of Thermaikos Gulf. It is built amphitheatrically on the slopes of cedar hill and is surrounded by the forest of Sheikh Sou in the East. Sindos is the city’s industrial zone and in the south there is the airport area, Therme area and the southeast area of Panorama.
The location of the city in the region of Macedonia, the existence of the harbor as a natural gateway to the sea and the natural fortifications make Thessaloniki important strategic and commercial point, as well as transport and cultural crossroads since antiquity up current years.
The city of Thessaloniki has an extensive center where there is the majority of shops, public services, sights and recreation areas.
The historic center of Thessaloniki is divided in quarters: Ladadika, Ano Ladadika, Frangomachalas,
Kapani, Diagonal, Navarino, Rotunda, St. Sophia, Hippodrome (White Tower).Its focal point is a consolidated area of Aristotelous Square and Ancient Agora Square (or courts) which are joined by Aristotelous Square. Main roads are: Tsimiski, Egnatia, Nike, Lagada, Olgas and Agios Dimitrios.
Ano Poli Thessaloniki
The Upper Town is one of the few areas of Thessaloniki who survived the devastating fire of 1917. Declared as preserved traditional settlement, Ano Poli is located at the northernmost and highest part of the old city. It is located north of St. Demetrius on the highest point of the city and extends to the Byzantine walls. The area of Upper Town is separated in Tsinari districts, Government House, Vlatadon, Terpsithea, Kule Brown, Red Fountain, Kallithea.
This area includes important monuments of Thessaloniki as: Walls of the Citadel and Eptapyrgio, the Church of St David (Church of Hosios David), the Church of Agios Nikolaos Orfanos, the Temple of the Archangels, Monastery Vlatadon, the Church of St. Catherine the Church of the Prophet Elijah, Byzantine baths of Crispus square at Kule Brown, the Alaca Imaret Kassandrou road, the Ottoman Tourbes in Terpsithea square and numerous fountains etc.
Apart from these monuments, in the Upper Town area is preserved in many parts the old (traditional) urban tissue of the city with its narrow cobbled streets and houses of Turkish architectural influences. It is ideal for both walking and dining in small taverns.
In the northern and western part of Thessaloniki there are the districts Xirokrini, Courts, Government House, Ixthioskala, Lahanokipoi and Panagia Faneromeni. In the northern and western part of Thessaloniki there are the districts Ambelokipi, Eleftherio – Kordelio, Menemeni, Evosmos, Heliopolis, Stavropol, Nicopolis, Neapolis, Polichni, Meteora and Sykies. It is a gateway to the city center of Thessaloniki, through the New west entrance roads, Monastiriou and Lagkada. In the west there are the New and the Old Thessaloniki Train Station, the port of the city and the Bus Station (KTEL Macedonia). There are, also, several old factories, as the Mill, the FIX and Vilka, which operate today as Multiplex renovated places of entertainment. Lazaristes is located in Stavropol, where concerts and performances take place, and the Botanical Garden in Ano Ilioupoli, which includes a plurality of plant types. Finally, there are Allied Cemeteries in Lagadas road, where soldiers from the First World War are buried.
This part of the city starts from King George Street – Queen Olga and extends to the area of Kalamaria and Pilea. It includes areas: Forty Churches, Annunciation, Triandria, Touba, Charilaou, Ascension, Ntepo, Pylaia and Kalamaria.
On the Roads Olgas, George Papandreou (Antheon) and Great Alexander (John Kennedy) there are many mansions of the 19th century. The fork created by the separation of the Great. Alexander to the streets G. Papandreou and Maria Callas includes most of Salamina area, where stands the Thessaloniki Concert Hall and Conference Centre, Mills Allatini, Poseidon swimming pool, the general Hospital and the Temple of the Great Photios. Also, the area in recent years has become a youthful place with many cafes and bars.
The neighborhoods of New Fountain and Aretsou represent the southernmost coastal part of Kalamaria municipality. There are many entertainment centers and recreation places in almost the entire length of Route Plastiras. Near the street Sofouli is the former Macedonian camp Kodra, the Nautical Club of Kalamaria, the stadium of Apollon Kalamarias, the Maritime Administration of Northern Greece and the Governor or Palataki.